Factors That Put A Pregnancy At Risk

Giving birth is probably the happiest moment of a women’s life. The pregnant belly is one thing that needs your attention at each and every stages of pregnancy. Once you’re done with all your early pregnancy precautions, it’s time that you give a detail thought about the other major factors of pregnancy risks.

The factors that are a pregnancy risk for you are:

  • Conditions of Pregnancy
  • Existing Health Conditions
  • Lifestyle Factors
  • Age

Conditions of Pregnancy

Multiple gestation during pregnancy

Multiple gestation is referred to as, pregnancy with twins, triplets, or more, increases the risk of infants being born prematurely (before 37 weeks of pregnancy). Taking fertility drugs and having infants after the age of 30 both have been associated with multiple births. Having three or more infants increases the chance that a woman will need to have the infants delivered by cesarean section.

Gestational diabetes in Pregnancy

Gestational diabetes, also known as gestational diabetes mellitus, GDM, or diabetes during pregnancy, is the first diabetes that develops when a woman is pregnant. Many women can have healthy pregnancies if they manage their diabetes, make a treatment plan and follow a diet. Uncontrolled gestational diabetes increases the risk for preterm labor and delivery, preeclampsia, and high blood pressure.

Preeclampsia and eclampsia

Preeclampsia is a syndrome marked by a sudden increase in the blood pressure of a pregnant woman after the 20th week of pregnancy. It can affect the mother’s kidneys, liver, and brain. When left untreated, the condition can be fatal for the mother and/or the fetus and result in long-term health problems. Eclampsia is a more severe form of preeclampsia, marked by seizures and coma in the mother.

how to avoid pregnancy risk

Existing Health Conditions

High blood pressure in pregnancy

Even though high blood pressure can be risky for mother and fetus, many women with high blood pressure have healthy pregnancies and healthy children. Uncontrolled high blood pressure, however, can lead to damage to the mother’s kidneys and increases the risk for low birth weight or preeclampsia.

Polycystic ovary syndrome

Polycystic (pronounced pah-lee-SIS-tik) ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disorder that can interfere with a woman’s ability to get and stay pregnant. PCOS may result in higher rates of miscarriage (the spontaneous loss of the fetus before 20 weeks of pregnancy), gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and premature delivery.


It is important for women with diabetes to manage their blood sugar levels before getting pregnant. High blood sugar levels can cause birth defects during the first few weeks of pregnancy, often before women even know they are pregnant. Controlling blood sugar levels and taking a multivitamin with 40 micrograms of folic acid every day can help reduce this risk.

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Kidney disease

Women with kidney disease often have difficulty getting pregnant, and any pregnancy is at significant risk for miscarriage. Pregnant women with kidney disease require additional treatments, changes in diet and medication, and frequent visits to their health care provider

Thyroid disease in pregnancy

factors affecting pregnancy
Hands on pregnant belly

Uncontrolled thyroid disease, such as an overactive or underactive thyroid (small gland in the neck that makes hormones that regulate the heart rate and blood pressure) can cause problems for the fetus, such as heart failure, poor weight gain, and birth defects


Several studies have found that women who take drugs that increase the chances of pregnancy are significantly more likely to have pregnancy complications than those who get pregnant without assistance. These complications often involve the placenta (the organ linking the fetus and the mother) and vaginal bleeding.

Lifestyle Factors

This can be the major factor that will affect your pregnancy. Every pregnant women knows this that drinking alcohol or smoking cigarettes can have devastating affect to your newborn.


First-time pregnancy after age 35. Older first-time mothers may have normal pregnancies, but research indicates that these women are at increased risk of having:

  • A cesarean (pronounced si-ZAIR-ee-uhn) delivery (when the newborn is delivered through a surgical incision in the mother’s abdomen)
  • Delivery complications, including excessive bleeding during labor
  • Prolonged labor (lasting more than 20 hours)
  • Labor that does not advance
  • An infant with a genetic disorder, such as Down syndrome.

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